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Pakistan | Family List | Boraginaceae

1. Cordia L., Sp. Pl. 190. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5.84.1754; Brandis, For. Fl. N.W. & C. Ind. 336.1874; Ind. Trees, 478.1908; C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:136.1885.


Trees or shrubs, often polygamous, with alternate to subopposite and exstipulate leaves. Flowers regular, disposed in spikes, racemes or cymes. Calyx campanulate or obconical, 3-5-lobed or toothed, persistent. Corolla infundibuliform or campanulate, 4-5(-8) lobed. Stamens as many as and alternating with the lobes. Filaments usually hairy at the base, anthers subexaerted. Ovary undivided, 4-locular with 1 ovule in each locule. Style terminal, doubly bipartite. Fruit a 1-seeded (by abortion) drupe. Seeds exalbuminous.

250 species, mainly tropical America. Represented in Pakistan by 6 species, of which 2 are exclusively cultivated.

1 Flowers orange-red   6 Cordia sebestena
+ Flowers white or yellowish-white   (2)
2 (1) Calyx not ribbed, glabrous   2 Cordia myxa
+ Calyx ribbed, minutely pubescent to tomentose   (3)
3 (2) Leaves subopposite, oblanceolate to oblong,1-nerved   1 Cordia gharaf
+ Leaves alternate, elliptic to ovate, obovate or suborbicular, 3-5-nerved   (4)
4 (3) Calyx densely tomentose to the outride. Corolla tube glabrous within   5 Cordia macleodii
+ Calyx pubescent to the outside. Corolla tube hairy within   (5)
5 (4) Bark of trunk greenish-grey, often deeply fissured. Leaves less than 1 ½ times long as broad. Flowers yellowish-white. Calyx 8-15 mm long. Filament base glabrous   4 Cordia vestita
+ Bark of trunk greenish-grey, often deeply fissured. Leaves 1-2 times as long as broad. Flower white. Calyx 2.5-6 mm long. Filament base hairy   3 Cordia dichotoma

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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