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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Pinaceae | Abies

5. Abies fargesii Franchet, J. Bot. (Morot). 13: 256. 1899.

巴山冷杉 ba shan leng shan

Abies fargesii
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Trees to 40 m tall; bark dark gray or dark gray-brown, rough, flaking or breaking into irregular plates; branchlets red-brown, gray-brown, or light brown, glabrous, pubescent, or ± rusty brown pubescent; winter buds ovoid or subglobose, resinous. Leaves ascending on upper side of branchlets, pectinately arranged in 2 lateral sets on lower side, dark green and bright adaxially, oblanceolate-linear, flattened, 1-2.5(-3) cm × 1.5-4 mm, stomatal lines in 2 white bands abaxially, resin canals 2, median or marginal, apex emarginate, rarely obtuse or acute. Seed cones ripening dark purple or red-brown, slightly glaucous or not, cylindric or shortly so, 3-10 × 3-4 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones reniform or flabellate-reniform, 0.8-1.5 × 1.3-2 cm. Bracts obovate-cuneate, distal margin erose-denticulate, apex with cusp exserted or slightly so. Seeds obtriangular-ovoid; wing cuneate.

* Mountains, river basins; 1500-3900 m. S Gansu, W Henan, W Hubei, S Shaanxi, Sichuan

The timber is used for construction, furniture, and wood pulp.

1 First-year branchlets red-brown or slightly purple, glabrous or puberulent   5a var. fargesii
+ First-year branchlets light brown or gray-brown, densely rusty brown pubescent on lateral branchlets, usually glabrous on main branchlets   5b var. faxoniana

Lower Taxa


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