20. Abies spectabilis (D. Don) Spach, Hist. Nat. Veg. 11: 422. 1841.
西藏冷杉 zang leng shan
Pinus spectabilis D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 2: 55. 1825; Abies webbiana (Wallich ex D. Don) Lindley; Pinus webbiana Wallich ex D. Don.
Trees to 50 m tall; trunk to more than 1.5 m d.b.h.; bark rough, scaly; branchlets yellowish gray, brown, or reddish brown, furrowed, pubescent or glabrous, densely leafy; winter buds globose or ovoid, resinous. Leaves ascending on upper side of cone-bearing branchlets, pectinately arranged in 2 lateral sets on young and vegetative branchlets, bright green adaxially, linear, 2-6 cm × 2-2.5 mm, stomatal lines in 2 white bands abaxially, resin canals 2, marginal, apex emarginate or 2-cleft. Seed cones dark purple, maturing to dark brown or blue-brown with a little purple, cylindric, 8.5-20 × 4.5-7.5 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones flabellate-trapeziform, 2.3-2.8 × 2.8-3.4 cm, margin auriculate and thin laterally. Bracts included, spatulate, 1/3-1/2 as long as seed scales, apex with an acute, short cusp. Seeds ca. 1 cm; wing broadly cuneate, longer than seeds, apex truncate.
Mountains; 2600-3800 m. Xizang [Afghanistan, N India, Kashmir, Nepal]