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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 4 | Chloranthaceae | Chloranthus

7. Chloranthus holostegius (Handel-Mazzetti) Pei & Shan, Contr. Biol. Lab. Chin. Assoc. Advancem. Sci., Sect. Bot. 10: 210. 1938.

全缘金粟兰 quan yuan jin su lan

Herbs perennial, 25-55 cm high. Rhizomes with many fibrous roots. Stems erect, usually not branched, basal nodes with 1 pair of scalelike leaves. Scalelike leaves ovate or rectangular. Leaves opposite, usually 4 at stem apex and whorled; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm; leaf blade broadly elliptic or obovate, 8-15(-19) × 4-10(-13) cm, rigidly papery, glandular, glabrous or pubescent along veins abaxially, base broadly cuneate, margin serrate or dentate-serrate, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Spikes terminal and axillary, usually 1-5 in a fascicle, 5-12 cm with peduncle; bracts ovate or nearly semiorbicular, not lobed. Flowers white. Stamens 3; connectives elongated, linear, 5-8 mm, connate at base, on outside of stigma; central connective with a 2-loculed anther; lateral connectives with a 1-loculed anther each. Ovary ovoid. Drupes green, subglobose or obovoid, 3-4 mm. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug.

* Thickets, forests; 700-2800 m. Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan

B. Verdcourt (in Fl. Thailand) included this species within Chloranthus nervosus Collett & Hemsley.

Used medicinally.

1 Leaves densely scurfy pubescent along veins abaxially   7c var. trichoneurus
+ Leaves glabrous.   (2)
2 (1) Leaves 8-15 × 4-10 cm, apex acuminate   7a var. holostegius
+ Leaves 12-19 × 8-13 cm, apex acute   7b var. shimianensis

Lower Taxa


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