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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Solanaceae | Anisodus

1. Anisodus luridus Link in Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 1: 699. 1825.

铃铛子 ling dang zi

Anisodus fischerianus Pascher; A. luridus var. fischerianus (Pascher) C. Y. Wu & C. Chen; A. mairei (H. Léveillé) C. Y. Wu & C. Chen; A. stramonifolius (Wallich) G. Don; Nicandra anomala Link & Otto; Physalis stramonifolia Wallich; Scopolia anomala (Link & Otto) Airy Shaw; S. lurida (Link) Dunal; S. mairei H. Léveillé; S. stramonifolia (Wallich) Shrestha; Whitleya stramonifolia (Wallich) Sweet. For a discussion of the nomenclature and additional synonymy of this species, see D'Arcy & Zhang, Novon 2: 125. 1992.

Plants 5-l20 cm tall, sometimes yellow-brown tomen-tose. Petiole 2-4 cm; leaf blade ovate or elliptic, 7-15(-22) × 4-8.5(-11) cm, papery, puberulent especially along veins, more so abaxially, base obtuse or slightly decurrent, margin entire or sinuate, apex acute. Flowers nodding. Pedicel 1-5 cm. Calyx campanulate to urceolate, 3-3.5 cm; ribs prominent, wavy, hirsute especially at base, apex sinuate or lobed; lobes short, sometimes unequal. Corolla pale yellow-green, ca. 3.5 cm, slightly exserted from calyx, pubescent adaxially and proximal to middle of tube abaxially, sometimes spotted adaxially; lobes slightly purplish, rounded. Filaments pubescent; anthers ca. 5 mm. Fruiting pedicel 2-2.5 cm, arching. Fruiting calyx twice as long as and enclosing capsule, ca. 5 cm; lobes indistinct, sometimes glabrescent. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Oct-Nov.

Grassy slopes and by streams in mountains; 3200-4200 m. Sichuan (Muli Xian), SE Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, India, Nepal]

The roots and seeds are used medicinally for alleviating pain and spasms.

Anisodus fischerianus is placed into synonomy here based on the original description of the species, which does not include diagnostic features. Neither we nor the authors of the FRPS treatment, who recognized it as A. luridus var. fischerianus, have seen type material.


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