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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 17 | Solanaceae | Physalis

1. Physalis alkekengi Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 183. 1753.

酸浆 suan jiang

Herbs perennial. Stems 40-80 cm tall, slightly woody at base, little branched, nodes sometimes inflated, mostly pubescent. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade narrowly to broadly ovate, 5-15 × 2-8 cm, glabrescent or pubescent, base oblique, cuneate, margin entire or coarsely dentate, sometimes with salient, unequal deltate lobes, apex acuminate. Pedicel 0.6-1.6 cm, glabrescent, puberulent or densely and persistently villous. Calyx broadly campanulate, ca. 6 mm, densely pubescent. Corolla white, mostly with a greenish or yellowish eye, rotate or campanulate, 1.5-2 cm in diam., lobed. Stamens yellow. Fruiting pedicel 2-3 cm; fruiting calyx orange or red, ovate, rounded, 10-ribbed, 2.5-4 × 2-3.5 cm, subleathery, invaginated at base, glabrescent or persistent villous. Berry shiny, orange-red, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam. Seeds pale yellow, reniform, ca. 2 mm in diam.

Asia, Europe; cultivated and naturalized elsewhere

The fruit of this species is edible and is used medicinally as a febrifuge.

1 Leaves pubescent; tube of flowering calyx densely pubescent; fruiting calyx puberulent, mostly less than 2 cm across; corolla with indistinct, fused basal marking   1a var. alkekengi
+ Leaves glabrescent, sometimes ciliate; tube of flowering calyx sparsely pubescent; fruiting calyx glabrescent, mostly more than 3 cm across; corolla with distinct basal spots   1b var. franchetii

Lower Taxa


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