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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 18 | Scrophulariaceae | Pedicularis

130. Pedicularis rupicola Franchet ex Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 32: 599. 1888.

岩居马先蒿 yan ju ma xian hao

Pedicularis rupicola

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Herbs perennial, (4--)7--17(--22) cm tall, usually drying black. Roots thick, fleshy. Stems numerous, central stem erect, lateral branches erect to ascending, with lines of dense hairs. Leaves in whorls of 4. Basal leaves usually persistent; petiole to 2 cm. Stem leaf petiole short, to less than 5 mm; leaf blade ovate-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 3--4(--7) cm X 5(--10) mm, villous, pinnatisect; segments 6--9 pairs, ± ovate, pinnatifid, dentate. Inflorescences spicate, 3--8(--12) cm, compact to lax; bracts leaflike, long ciliate. Calyx obliquely ovate, ca. 9 mm, membranous, deeply cleft anteriorly, densely hirsute or only villous along veins and apices; lobes 5, unequal, broadly ovate, distinctly lobulate and serrate. Corolla purple-red, 1.6--2 cm; tube ± bent at a right angle near base; galea slightly falcate, 4.5--6 mm, apex rounded; lower lip 5--7.5 X 7.5--10 mm, middle lobe ca. 1/2 as long as lateral lobes. Filaments glabrous. Capsule ca. 1/2 enclosed by accrescent calyx, 1.5--2.1 cm X 4.8--9 mm, apex acute to acuminate. Seeds ca. 3 mm. Fl. May--Jun, fr. Jul--Aug.

* Alpine meadows, rocky slopes; 2700--4800 m. SW Sichuan, SE Xizang, NW Yunnan

1 Plants to 4--20 cm tall; lateral branches usually ascending; inflorescences 3--8 cm, fascicles few, more compactly arranged; bracts and calyx ± densely hirsute; capsule obliquely lanceolate-ovate, 1.5--2 cm X 4.8--9 mm, apex acute   130a subsp. rupicola
+ Plants to 20(--22) cm tall; branches erect; inflorescences to 12 cm, fascicles numerous, widely spaced below; bracts and calyx usually glabrous except ciliate margins and apices; capsule long and narrow, ca. 2.1 cm X 6 mm, apex acuminate   130b subsp. zambalensis

Lower Taxa


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