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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 19 | Campanulaceae | Campanula

8. Campanula langsdorffiana (A. Candolle) Fischer ex Traut­vetter & C. A. Meyer in Middendorff, Reise Sibir. 1 (2, Lfg. 3): 60. 1856.

石生风铃草 shi sheng feng ling cao

Campanula linifolia Linnaeus var. langsdorffiana A. Candolle, Monogr. Campan. 279. 1830; C. chinganensis A. I. Baranov; C. rotundifolia Linnaeus subsp. langsdorffiana (A. Candolle) Vodopianova; C. rotundifolia var. langsdorffiana (A. Candolle) Britton.

Plants perennial, 10-40 cm tall. Roots carrot-shaped or cylindrical, up to 2 cm in diam. Stems several to many from a caudex, slender, branched or simple, glabrous or sometimes hirsutulous at base. Basal leaves (if present) ovate or elliptic, base cordate, petiolate; cauline leaves sessile, filiform or linear, 45-70 × 1-3 mm. Flowers solitary or several, terminal, ± pendent. Hypanthium glabrous (rarely hirsutulous), obconic, ribbed; calyx lobes linear or subulate, 4-10 mm, sometimes almost equal to corolla in length, reflexed after anthesis. Corolla pale blue, campanulate, 10-20 mm, glabrous; lobes ca. 1/2 as long to ± as long as tube. Style included. Capsule obconic or campanulate, 5-8 mm. Seeds brown, oblong or elliptic, slightly compressed, ca. 1 mm, smooth. Fl. Jun-Aug. 2n = 34.

Usually on rocks in forests, also in alpine belts. Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning [Russia (Far East, S Siberia)].

This species is vicarious with Campanula rotundifolia Linnaeus of Europe, from which it differs in having fewer flowers and longer reflexed calyx lobes.


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