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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae

4. Capsicum L., Sp. Pl. 188. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5:86.1754; Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:238. 1883; Bailey, Stand. Cyclop. Hort. 2:658. 1919.


Annual or perennial herbs with entire leaves. Flowers solitary axillary or in clusters of up to 3. Calyx shallowly 5-toothed, campanulate. Corolla rotate, 5-lobed. Stamens 5; anthers bluish, dehiscence longitudinal. Ovary usually bilocular. Fruit a many-seeded, ± dry indehiscent inflated berry variously coloured. Seeds compressed, smooth or not.

10 species, native to tropical America. Introduced or naturalised elsewhere. Represented in Pakistan by 2 species, each with several cultivars.

1 Annual or biennial. Flowers solitary, erect or not Berry longer than the pedicel   1 Capsicum annuum
+ Perennial. Flowers in groups of 2 or more, always erect. Berry shorter than the pedicel   2 Capsicum frutescens

Lower Taxa


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