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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae

51. Elsholtzia Willd. in Romer & Usteri, Bot. Mag. 4, 11: 3. 1790. Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 159. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 642. 1885; Briquet in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 1, 4, 3A: 327. 1897; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 87. 1940; Hedge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 27: 156. 1967; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 571. 1982; Press in Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) 10, 1: 69. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Aphanochilus Benth.
  • Cyclostegia Benth.
  • Paulseniella Briq.

    Annual or shrubby aromatic herbs. Stems erect, simple or much branched, with simple or occasionally branched eglandular hairs. Leaves not divided, crenulate to senate, gland-dotted, petiolate at least below. Inflorescence of lateral and terminal condensed oblong to cylindrical spikes; verticillasters 2-several-flowered. Bracts clearly different from leaves, linear to ± orbicular, imbricate or not. Bracteoles present or absent. Flowers very small, sometimes secund. Calyx not or scarcely bilabiate, narrow-tubular to ovoid, enlarged and inflated in fruit or not; tube glabrous within or with villous hairs at throat, teeth subequal. Corolla bilabiate; upper lip emarginate; lower lip with 3 subequal lobes; tube with or without an internal oblique ring of hairs. Stamens 4 didynamous, included or exserted; thecae bilocular becoming confluent and unilocular. Style ± equally bifid at apex. Nutlets smooth to finely tuberculate, ovoid or oblong, sometimes only 1 developing.

    About 30 species mainly in E Asia. Our species are mainly Himalayan ones at their westennost extremities in our area.

    Species doubtfully recorded

    T. A. Rao (Bull.Bot.Surv.lnd. 2:411.1960) records Elsholtzia flava Benth. from Kashmir (Jammu, Kistawar). The specimen (Rao 7777, at DD) has not been seen. The species is similar in facies to Elsholtzia fruticosa, but has larger, yellow, corollas (5-6 mm). In the recently published Flora of Jammu (Sharma & Kachroo p.265,1981), Elsholtzia fruticosa (as Elsholtzia polystachya) is recorded from Kistawar, but Elsholtzia flava is not listed.

    1 Bracts linear-lanceolate to subulate, more than 2 x as long as broad; tall herbs, bushy or not   (2)
    + Bracts ovate to rhombic, less than 2 x as long as broad; annuals   (3)
    2 (1) Leaves 2 x longer than broad or more, not or scarcely petiolate   3 Elsholtzia fruticosa
    + Leaves less than 1.5 x longer than broad, clearly petiolate   4 Elsholtzia stachyodes
    3 (1) Bracts abruptly cuspidate mucro (c. 1 mm); flowers usually secund   1 Elsholtzia ciliata
    + Bracts apically round or apiculate; flowers not secund   (4)
    4 (3) Bracts connate, imbricate, hiding calyces; fruiting calyx not inflated   2 Elsholtzia strobilifera
    + Bracts not connate, not imbricate; ca-lyces exposed; fruiting calyx inflated   (5)
    5 (4) Calyx c. 2 mm in flower and 5-6 mm in fruit; corolla pink or purple, c. 23-3 mm; nutlets c. 2 x 15 mm   5 Elsholtzia densa
    + Calyx c. 1 mm in flower and 3 mm long in fruit; corolla yellow, c. 2 mm; nutlets c. 1x 0.5 mm   6 Elsholtzia eriostachya

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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