Annual or shrubby aromatic herbs. Stems erect, simple or much branched, with simple or occasionally branched eglandular hairs. Leaves not divided, crenulate to senate, gland-dotted, petiolate at least below. Inflorescence of lateral and terminal condensed oblong to cylindrical spikes; verticillasters 2-several-flowered. Bracts clearly different from leaves, linear to ± orbicular, imbricate or not. Bracteoles present or absent. Flowers very small, sometimes secund. Calyx not or scarcely bilabiate, narrow-tubular to ovoid, enlarged and inflated in fruit or not; tube glabrous within or with villous hairs at throat, teeth subequal. Corolla bilabiate; upper lip emarginate; lower lip with 3 subequal lobes; tube with or without an internal oblique ring of hairs. Stamens 4 didynamous, included or exserted; thecae bilocular becoming confluent and unilocular. Style ± equally bifid at apex. Nutlets smooth to finely tuberculate, ovoid or oblong, sometimes only 1 developing.
About 30 species mainly in E Asia. Our species are mainly Himalayan ones at their westennost extremities in our area.
Species doubtfully recorded
T. A. Rao (Bull.Bot.Surv.lnd. 2:411.1960) records Elsholtzia flava Benth. from Kashmir (Jammu, Kistawar). The specimen (Rao 7777, at DD) has not been seen. The species is similar in facies to Elsholtzia fruticosa, but has larger, yellow, corollas (5-6 mm). In the recently published Flora of Jammu (Sharma & Kachroo p.265,1981), Elsholtzia fruticosa (as Elsholtzia polystachya) is recorded from Kistawar, but Elsholtzia flava is not listed.