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Pakistan | Family List | Aquifoliaceae

Ilex Linn., Sp. Pl. 125. 1753. & Gen. Pl. ed. 5:60.1754; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1 :598 1875; Kanjilal, For. Fl. School Circ. 62.1901 & For. Fl. Siwal. Jauns. For. Div. 87.1911; Collett, Fl. Simi. 83.1902; D. Brandis, Ind. Trees, 154. 1906; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Presd. & Sind, 1:268.1909; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 1.75.1916 & ed. 3,73.1956; A.I. Poyarkova in Shishkin. Fl.URSS.14:540.1949; N.L.Bor, Man. Ind.For. Bot.224.1953; Loesener, T. in Pflanzenf. ed. 2.20b.1960.

  • Aquifolium (Tourn.)

    Usually dioecious shrubs or trees. Leaves coriaceous, often spinose and shiny above; stipules caducous. Flowers 4-5-merous, bisexual or unisexual with vestigial remains of either sex. Corolla rotate. Style absent or obsolete, stigma lobed. Drupe fleshy, pyrenes 2-5, rarely more.

    400 species, tropical and subtropical areas of both hemispheres. Represented in Pakistan by 2 species (excluding 1 cultivated species).

    1 Bark rough and dark grey. Leaves coriaceous, margin spinose, lateral nerves terminating at the margin. Flowers 4-merous   Ilex dipyrena
    + Bark whitish-grey, smooth. Leaves ± membranous, margin entire, lateral nerves arcuate near the margin. Flowers 5 merous   Ilex excelsa

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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