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Pakistan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

7. Ficus benjamina L., Mant. 129. 1767. King in Hook. f., l.c. 508. 1888; Brandis, Ind. Tr. 604. 1906; Corner in Card. Bull. Singapore 21(1): 21 1965; Bailey it al, Hort. Third 477. 1976; Corner in Dass. & Fosb. Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 3:256. fig. 15.1981.

Vern.: Kabar.


  • Ficus comosa Roxb.
  • Ficus nitida Thunb.
  • Ficus pyrifolia Salisb.
  • Ficus retusa var. nitida (Thunb.) Miq.

    A large evergreen shrub or tree, up to 8 m or more tall, with nearly 10 m wide spreading crown and drooping shoots, aerial roots absent or very Bark light-grey, smooth, young twigs slender, brownish, glabrous. Leaves with 10-25 mm long petiole; lamina ovate-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate, (3-) 5-12 cm long, 2-6 cm wide, narrow to wide cuneate at the base, cuspidate at the apex, lateral naves numerous, close and nearly parallel, intercostals present, cystoliths present on both sides; stipules paired, lanceolate, 8-10 (-12) mm long, acute, glabrous. Hypanthodia sessile, in axillary pairs globose-ovoid, glabrous green, c. 1.5 cm in diam., subtended by 2-3 crescentric, often unequal sized basal bracts, apical orifice depressed, closed by 3 minute bracts; internal bristles absent. Male flowers: dispersed, Pedicellate, sepals. free; stamen solitary, slightly exserted. Female flowers: numerous, sessile; sepals 3-4, ± spathulate; ovary ovoid with lateral style. Figs orange-red, 2-2.5 cm in diameter, glabrous.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: October-Junuary.

    Type: “Habitat in India.”.

    Distribution: Nepal , N. India, Bangla Desh, Burma, S. China, Malaysia to the Solomon Islands and N. tropical Australia; introduced and cultivated in Pakistan, Ceylon, U.S.A. and elsewhere.


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