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Pakistan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

21. Ficus microcarpa L. f., Suppl. 442. 1781. Corner in Gard. Bull. Sing. 17: 397. 1960; Ibid, 21(1): 22. 1965; Stewart l.c.193; Ramamoorthy & Gandhi in Saldanha & Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Dist. 81. 1976; Townsend, Fl. Iraq; 4(1): 91. 1980; Corner in Dass. & Fosb., l.c. 258. fig. 16.


  • Ficus nitida* auct non Blume, 1825; Thunb.
  • Ficus retusa auct. non L. 1767: King

    A moderate to large, evergreen, up to 15-20 m tall tree, with a dense rounded crown. Trunk 2-3 m in circumference, with few to several aerial roots from the branches which rarely reach the ground, bark grey, young shoots glabrous to ± puberulous, brown to dark brown. Leaves with 5-20 mm long petiole; lamina glossy-coriaceous, elliptic-ovate to obovate or rhomboid, (3-) 5-10 (-12) cm long, (1.5-) 2-5 (-6) cm broad, 3-oostate at the cuneate-attenuate base, entire, obtuse to subacute with a blunt short acumen rarely retuse, lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, slightly or not bluging beneath, intercostals not much prominent; stipules stiff, lanceolate, 10-15 mm long, glabrous to ciliate margined, fugaceous; cystoliths present on both sides. Hypanthodia monoecious, sessile, in axillary pairs, pairs, depressed-globose, 4-5 mm in diameter, subtended by 3, ante, 1.5-33 mm long, glabrous basal bracts, apical orifice covered by (2-) 3, deltoid bracts; internal birdies present, short. Male flowers: sessile to subsessile; sepals 3, spathulate-ovate; stamen single with a hardly asserted anther. Female flowers: sessile; sepals as in male; ovary with a short, subterminal style, stigma davits. Gall flowers pedicellate. Figs pyriform to subglobose, 8-10 mm in diem., pink to reddish purple and black, glabrous.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: August-December.

    Type: “Habitat in Java”, Thunberg, Herb. Linn. 1240.19 (LINN).

    Distribution: South India, Sri Lanka, S. China, Australia, New Caledonia and Ryukyu Islands; introduced and cultivated in Pakistan, Iraq and N. Africa.

    Occasionally planted in our gardens and nurseries in Karachi and Lahore.


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