Cucubalus baccifer L., Sp. Pl. 414. 1753. Boiss l.c.; Edgew. & Hook. f. in Hook. f., l.c.; Collett, Fl. Siml. 48.1902; Natter, Beaut. Fl. Kashm. 1:61. 1928; Stewart in Pak. J. For. 17.1957 and Ann. Cat. Vase. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 241.1972; F. G. Bhopal & M. N. Chaudhri in Pak. Syst. 1 (1): 119. 1977.
SHAHINA A. GHAZANFAR & YASIN J. NASIR
Stems up to 50 cm, prostrate or ascending, glabrous or white pubescent. Leaves 22-60 (-80) x 12-20 (-30) mm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, base attenuate, apex acute, usually hairy on both surfaces, margin ciliate. Flowers nodding, 1-2 or 3 in a dichasium, at the end of the main axis or on lateral branches. Bracts similar to leaves. Pedicel 3-5 mm, white pubescent. Calyx 10-12 mm, persistent and some what inflated in fruit; teeth revolute at fruiting. Petal greenish-white; limb 8-9 mm, divided. into linear lobes; claw 7-8 mm. Carpophore c. 2.5 mm, glabrous. Fruit 12 mm in diameter, subglobose, brownish-red, exserted from the calyx. Seeds c. 2 mm, reniform, black.
Fl. Per.: June-July. Fl. Per.: July-August.
Syntypes: 582.1. LINN. Herb. Clifford. 170 (BM); Herb. Buster XIV:68 (UPS).
Distribution: Europe, C. Asia, W. Siberia, Himalaya eastward to Bhutan, Assam.
A common prostrate herb found at 2400-2500 m in Swat, Kaghan and the Gallies (Murree Hills).