Rosa sinica Lindl.
Evergreen shrub with climbing stems up to 5 m long. Prickles curved, unevenly scattered, usually mixed with acicles. Leaflets 39 to 5, 3-6 cm long, elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, sharply serrate, glabrous, lustrous above. Stipules free, linear, caduceus. Flowering stems often with numerous acicles. Flowers solitary, 6-8 cm in diameter, white. Styles free, short. Pedicels densely setose. Fruit large, 3.5-4 cm long, pyriform, densely bristly. Sepals entire, widened at apex, ascending in fruit, persistent.
Type: Southern United States ‘Hab. In Georgia, sylvis umbarosis (Pussh), Mr. Fraser (sp. herb. Sabine)’.
B-7 Between Barikot and Hakra, NWFP, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 7437 (KUH), C-6 Civil rest house, Parachinar, M. Qaiser & S. Abedin 6025 (KUH).
Distribution: China, Taiwan, introduced and naturalized in India, introduced in Pakistan.
The root bark contains tannin, sugar is extracted from the fruit which is also used to ferment wine. Roots, leaves and fruits are medicinally important (Suizhi & K. R. Robertson l. c.: 380. 2003).