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Pakistan | Family List | Rutaceae | Murraya

Murraya paniculata (Linn) Jack in Malay Misc. 1:31. 1820. Hook, f., l.c.; Cooke, Fl. Bomb. Pres. 1:193.1901; Talbot, l.c. 193; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 130.1916; Parker, l.c. 66; Kashyap, l.c. 66; Stewart, l.c. 349.

Vern.: Kamni.

  • Chalcas paniculata Linn.
  • Murraya exotica Linn.

    Large shrub or small tree up to 3 m tall. Branches sparsely pubescent, with an ash coloured bark. Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets glabrous, 5-7, 15-50 x 10-22 mm, elliptic, oblique; apex drawn out, obtuse, sometimes notched; margin undulate. Flowers fragrant, white, in 3-flowered cymes. Sepals c. 3 mm, pubescent, lobes triangular, obtuse apically. Petals 12-15 mm, oblong to lanceolate, sparsely pubescent, glandular. Ovary 2(-5)-locular, elongate; stigma lobed. Berry ovoid, 7-13 x 6-8 mm, beaked at the top, deep orange to red when ripe.

    Fl. Per.: March-Sept.

    Type: Described from India.

    Distribution: Sub-himalayan tracts of India-Pakistan, China, and the Pacific Islands.

    The ‘china box’ is often cultivated for its fragrant flowers and red berries. It is found in Billawar and the foothills of Jammu and E. Kashmir.


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