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Pakistan | Family List | Umbelliferae | Carum

Carum carvi Linn., Sp. Pl. 263. 1753. Wolff in Engler, l.c. 145; C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 680, p.p.; Boiss., Fl. Or. l.c. 679, p.p.

  • Carum gracile Lindl.

    Perennial, up to 70 cm tall, branched, glabrous. Root fusiform, elongated. Leaves bipinnatisect; segments filiform to lanceolate or oval, lower leaves petio¬late, upper sessile; bases sheathing; sheath margin white, membranous. Involucre of 1-5 linear bracts or lacking. Rays 5-9, unequal. Involucel of minute bractlets or lacking. Flowers white or rose coloured. Calyx teeth obscure. Fruit pedicels very unequal. Fruit ovoid to oblong, yellowish brown, 3-4 mm long; ridges prominent, obtuse; furrows 1-vittate; commissure 2-vittate.

    Type: Describe from N. Europe.

    Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Himalayas in India and W. Pakistan.

    A common plant of fields and meadows from 2000 to 3500 m in the Himala¬yas. The fruits called ‘Caraway Seed’ are aromatic and contain volatile oil, the principal constituent being carvone. They are used as an aromatic carminative and as a flavouring in confectionery.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M.Y. Saleem)
  • Illustration

    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (Susan L. Kelley)
  • Image/JPEG

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