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Pakistan | Family List | Oleaceae | Jasminum

Jasminum grandiflorum Linn., Sp. Pl. Ed. 2. 9. 1762. C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., l.c 603; Parker, l.c. 316.

Vern.: “Chambeli”; Spanish Jasmine.

Jasminum grandiflorum

Credit: M.Y. Saleem

  • Jasminum officinale forma grandiflorum (Linn.) Kobuski

    Shrub large, sometimes scandent; branches striate, glabrous, green. Leaves opposite, 5-12 cm long, petiolate, petiole and midrib margined; leaflets (5-) 7-11, glabrous, dark green, the upper pair with a broad flat base, often confluent with the terminal leaflet; the terminal hardly larger, ovate lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers fragrant, in lax axillary or terminal cymes, the stalks of later flowers exceeding the first or central ones; pedicels up to 3 cm long. Bracts linear, 5 mm long. Calyx teeth 5, linear, 7-12 mm long. Corolla white, sometimes tinged with red outside, tube c. 2 cm long, lobes 5, oblong, shorter than the tube, involute at the margins.

    Fl. Per.: Warm season, sometimes the whole year.

    Type: “Habitat in Malebaria”.

    Distribution: subtropical NW. Himalaya, 500-1500 m.

    Wild in Salt Range and Rawalpindi Hills (according to Parker), Karot forest. Frequently cultivated. The leaves and flowers have long been known in indigenous medicine; the leaves are adstringent in action. The whole plant is considered to be anthelmintic and diuretic. The perfume from the flowers is highly priced. National Flower of Pakistan.


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