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Pakistan | Family List | Cornaceae | Cornus

Cornus capitata Wall. ex Roxb., Fl.Ind. ed. Carey. 1:434. 1820. Brandis, For. Fl. 252.1874; C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2:275.1879; Collett, Fl. Siml. 220.1902; Kitamura in Kihara, Fauna & Fl. Nepal Himl. 1:189.1955; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 3.265.1956; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vase. Pl. W. Pak. & Kash. 529.1972.

Vern.: “Tharmal”.

Cornus capitata

Credit: Fauzia

  • Cynoxylon capitata (Wall.) Nakai
  • Dendrobenthamia capitata (Wall.) Hutch.

    Tree, branches with prominent petiole scars. Stems and branches sparsely puberulous. Leaves at the end of branches arising from closely set internodes, opposite and decussate, 4-7.5 cm long, 1.3-3 cm broad, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, apex acute to acuminate; petiole c. 1 cm long; leaf surfaces and petiole pubescent to tomentose; hairs white, appressed, medifixed. Heads 1-1.5 cm in diameter, subtended by 4 obovate bracts. Bracts c. 2.5 cm long, 1.5-2 cm broad, puberulent, yellow-white, apex acute. Calyx teeth rounded. Petals 2 mm, oblong, inflexed. Calyx and corolla puberulous. Anthers less than 1 mm, filaments shorter than the petals. Style c. 1 mm long, sparsely hairy. Fruit a head of coalesed drupes, succulent when ripe.

    Fl.Per.: May July.

    Type: Described from the Himalayas.

    Distribution: The Himalayan region, from Kulu to Bhutan, Khasi and Naga Hills.

    Lambert (Indian For. Bull. 80.1933) reports this species from the Muzaffarabad district of Kashmir, but I have not seen any authentic specimen from our area. The record needs confirmation. The strawberry-like fruit is edible.


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