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Pakistan | Family List | Tiliaceae | Grewia

Grewia damine Gaertn., Fruct. 2:113. t. 106. 1791. R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kash. 473. 1972.

Vern.: Bihul, Nikki bekhar, garges, bather.

Grewia damine

Credit: Shaukat

  • Grewia bicolor Juss.
  • Grewia salvifolia Heyne ex Roth

    A shrub or small sized tree, 2-4 m tall. Stem and branches rugose, bark ash-grey, young shoots pale hairy. Leaves with 2-6 mm long, upwardly dilated, densely hairy petiole; lamina with scattered stellate hairs above, hoary tomentose and whitish-grey beneath, narrowly lanceolate to ovate, 1.2-5 cm long, 0.8-2.2 cm broad, 3-costate, unequal sided, obtuse-oblique at the base, minutely serrate, obtuse; stipules falcate, 8-10 (-15) mm long, villous. Cyme 2-3-flowered, axillary, peduncles solitary, rarely 2 or 3, longer than petiole. Flowers yellow, c. 1.5 cm across; pedicel 8-10 mm long, pale hairy; bracts linear-lanceolate, c. 5 mm long. Sepals linear-oblong, 12-13 mm long, c. 3 mm broad, stellate hairy outside. Petals oblong-obovate, claw c. 1.5 mm long, with white gland, hairy, limb 4.5-5.5 mm long, c. 2 mm broad, notched at the apex. Stamens c. 40 in 2 whorls, filaments 4-5.5 mm long. Ovary 1-2-lobed, densely hairy; style clavate, 6-7 mm long, stigma bilobed. Drupe slightly succulent, globose, rarely 2-lobed, 6-8 mm across, almost glabrous.

    Fl. Per.: July-September.

    Type: Described from Ceylon.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab), India (Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Peninsula), Nepal and tropical Africa.

    Common in the dry arid plains and low hills between 500 and 1500 m.

    The subacidic, slightly succulent fruit is eaten by local people. The branches afford fine walking sticks.


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