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Pakistan | Family List | Convallariaceae | Polygonatum

3. Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 131. 1785. p.p.; Boiss., Fl. Or. 5: 332. 1882; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 319. 1892; Knorring in Kom., Fl. USSR 4: 357. 1968 (Engl. transl.); R. R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. Kashm. 56. 1972; R. A. DeFilipps in Tutin et al., Fl. Europ. 5: 71. 1980; R. R. Mill in P. H. Davis, Fl. Turk. 8: 84. 1984; Wendelbo in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 165: 180. 1990.

Engl.: Solomon’s seal


Polygonatum multiflorum

Credit: Abrar Ali

  • Convallaria multiflora L.

    Rhizomes terete, 5-9 mm broad, profusely covered by roots. Stems 15-90 cm, terete, glabrous. Leaves alternate, sessile or shortly petiolate, 5-15 x 2-7.5 cm, elliptic, oblong or ovate, glabrous, entire, tip subacute to obtuse. Inforescence 2-3 flowered, peduncle 10-12 mm, glabrous, pedicel 6-7 mm, glabrous. Perianth 14-15 mm, somewhat contracted in the middle, filaments sparsely puberulent. Berry bluish black, c. 7-9 mm in diameter.

    Fl. Per.: May-June.

    Type: Described from Europe, Herb. Linn. 436.4 (LINN) vide R. R. Mill (l.c.).

    Distribution: North America, Europe to Caucasus Mountains, Turkey, Himalayas and Hindukush.

    Many records are regarded doubtful because of confusion with Polygonatum orientale (R. R. Mill l.c.).

    It contains steroidal saponins and flavonoids. It is used in wound healing being antibacterial; also used as an expectorant (Ben-Erik von Wyk & Michael Wink, Medicinal Plants of the World, 422, 2004).


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