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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Lauraceae

2. Litsea Lamarck, Encycl. 3: 574. 1792.

[Litsé, the Chinese name for the plant]

Henk van der Werff

Shrubs [or trees] , deciduous [or evergreen]. Leaves alternate, not aromatic. Leaf blade pinnately veined, rarely with 3 primary veins, leathery; surfaces glabrous or variously pubescent; domatia absent. Inflorescences appearing with or before new leaves, axillary, pseudoumbels, subtended by decussate bracts. Flowers unisexual, staminate and pistillate on different plants; tepals deciduous, yellow, green, or white, equal, glabrous. Staminate flowers: stamens 9 (or 12); anthers 4-locular, 4-valved, introrse. Pistillate flowers: staminodes 9 (or 12); ovary globose. Drupe red, globose, seated in small, single-rimmed cupule.

Species ca. 400 (1 in the flora): North America, Mexico, Central America, mostly in Asia.

Mexico has four species of Litsea , one of which extends to Costa Rica in Central America. Litsea merits revision and, as accepted here, it is probably polyphyletic. It is very similar to Lindera and best recognized by its 4-locular anthers (2-locular in Lindera ).

Lower Taxon


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • LI, J. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Litsea complex and core Laureae (Lauraceae) using ITS
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  • Litsea (PDF)
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