All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 5 Page 70 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 5 | Moraceae | Ficus

94. Ficus sarmentosa Buchanan-Hamilton ex Smith in Rees, Cycl. 14: Ficus no. 45. 1810.

匍茎榕 pu jing rong

Shrubs or woody vines. Branchlets grayish white when dry, rugose, glabrous, subglabrous, or densely white-hairy. Stipules lanceolate-ovate, ca. 8 mm, thinly membranous. Leaves distichous; petiole ca. 1 cm, subglabrous; leaf blade ovate, ovate-elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, lanceolate, or oblong, 8-12 × 3-4 cm, ± leathery, both surfaces glabrous or abaxially sparsely brown pubescent, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin entire, apex acute to acuminate; secondary veins 4-12 on each side of midvein, and abaxially slightly raised, tertiary veins honeycomblike. Figs axillary on leafy or on leafless branchlets, solitary or occasionally paired, blackish purple when mature, globose, ± globose, or conic, sometimes slightly depressed, 0.5-2 cm in diam., glabrous, sparsely pubescent, or densely covered with brown hairs, inside with bristles, apical pore slightly concave, sessile or pedunculate; peduncle 0.5-1.5 cm or shorter; involucral bracts triangular, triangular-ovate, or ovate-lanceolate, 2-6 mm, with scattered bristles. Male flowers: near apical pore, pedicellate; calyx lobes 3 or 4, oblanceolate; stamens 2; filaments very short; anthers mucronate. Gall flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes 4, obovate-spatulate; ovary elliptic; style short; stigma shallowly funnelform. Female flowers: pedicellate; calyx lobes spatulate; ovary obovate; style subapical; stigma thin and long. Achenes ovoid-ellipsoid, with adherent liquid. Fl. May-Jul.

Forests, evergreen broad-leaved forests, scrub, mountains, plains, on rocks or trees; 600-2500 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, NW India, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim, N Vietnam].

1 Apical bracts conspicuous; involucral bracts 3-6 mm; figs conic.   94h var. henryi
+ Apical bracts not conspicuous; involucral bracts ca. 3 mm or less; figs globose to ± globose.   (2)
2 (1) Figs 0.5-1 cm in diam.   (3)
+ Figs 1-2 cm in diam., rarely smaller in var. luducca.   (4)
3 (2) Leaf blade green, whitish green to yellow green when dry, base cuneate; veins flat; secondary veins 5 or 6 on each side of midvein.   94f var. lacrymans
+ Leaf blade abaxially white to pale grayish brown, base rounded; veins conspicuous; secondary veins 6-8 on each side of midvein.   94g var. impressa
4 (2) Leaf blade veins abaxially slightly raised.   (5)
+ Leaf blade veins abaxially conspicuously raised.   (6)
5 (4) Peduncle 5-15 mm.   94a var. sarmentosa
+ Peduncle shorter than 5 mm.   94b var. nipponica
6 (4) Leaf blade 4-7 cm; basal lateral veins elongated; secondary veins 4-6 on each side of midvein.   94c var. thunbergii
+ Leaf blade (4-)10-15 cm; basal lateral veins short; secondary veins 6-12 on each side of midvein.   (7)
7 (6) Petiole 2.5-3.5 cm; secondary veins 10-12 on each side of midvein; figs 0.8-1.2 cm in diam.   94d var. luducca
+ Petiole 1-1.2 cm; secondary veins 6-8 on each side of midvein; figs 1.5-2 cm in diam.   94e var. duclouxii


Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

    Flora of Pakistan  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

    Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |