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Pakistan | Family List | Moraceae | Ficus

1. Ficus sarmentosa Bush: Ham. ex J.E. Smith in Rees, Cycl. 14 Ficus n. 45. 1810. Corner in Card. Bull. Singapore 18(1): 6. 1960; in Gard. Bull. Singapore 21(1): 50.1965.

Vern.: Doda bel.


  • Ficus foveolata Wall. ex Miq.

    A large, woody creeper or toot climber, with ashy grey to brown bark. Young twigs brownish-pubescent when growing in damp shady places otherwise almost glabrous. Leaves with 8-12 (-15) mm long, hairy petiole; lamina variable, ovate-oblong to ovate-lanceolate or ± elliptic, 2.5-10 (-12) cm long, 1.5-4.5 cm broad, 3-costate at the rounded, cordate, or ± cuneate base, margins entire, apex acute or acuminate, dorsally glabrous, pubescent to glabrescent beneath, lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, bulging underneath, intercostals irregular; stipules linear to ovate-lanceolate, 6-10 mm long, brownish villose. Hypanthodia usually solitary rarely paired, axillary, sessile to shortly peduncled, globose to ovoid or obovoid, 8-15 mm in diameter, warted or wrinkled, minutely hairy, subtended by 3, ovate, acute usually reflexed basal bracts, apical orifice narrow, covered with minute bracts. Male flowers: pedicellate, dispersed among the gall flowers; sepals 4, oblong-obovate, c. 1.5 mm long, hairy on margins; stamens 2 (-3), filaments united, anthers ovate, pointed. Female flowers: sessile, sepals as in male; ovary ovoid-obovoid, style subterminal, short. Figs usually globose or obovoid, 10-20 mm in diameter, orange-red.

    Fl. & Fr.Per.: May-September.

    Type: Smith Herbarium sheet No. 1610.40 (LINN).

    Distribution: Pakistan. (N. W. Hills, Kashmir), Northern India, Bangla Desh, Burma, China.

    It is a highly variable and common wild species of our area. The plant is found creeping on-rocks and in crevices or climbing on other trees with the help of adventitious roots, up to c. 2300 m from sea level. The figs are said to be eaten.


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