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Pakistan | Family List | Orchidaceae

26. Calanthe R. Br., Edw., Bot. Regis. t. 7: sub t. 573. 1821. nom. cons; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 847. 1890.


Terrestrial plants, variable in size, with homoblastic leafy pesudo-bulbs or pseudobulbous stems. Leaves 2 or several, sessile or petiolate, plicate. Scape lateral from the pseudobulb or from a leaf-axil, with rather loose, few to many-flowered raceme. Bracts persistent or deciduous. Flowers showy, resupinate, white or variously coloured. Perianth segments subequal in length. Labellum with or without spur, 3-lobed, attached to the base of the column or more or less to its whole length, disk usually lamellate. Column usually short; anther terminal, incumbent, conical; pollinia 8, clavate, sometimes unequal, fixed in pairs to short caudicles, attached to a viscid gland; stigma entire. Ovary with pedicel; ripe seed-capsules drooping.

c. 100 species throughout tropical regions; in subtropical and temperate Himalaya ascending up to 3500 m. Represented in Pakistan by 2 species.

1 Labellum without spur, slightly saccate at base, brownish-red   1 Calanthe tricarinata
+ Labellum with slender spur, ± equalling the ovary in length, pale dull violet   2 Calanthe plantaginea

Lower Taxa


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