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Eupatorium L.

澤蘭屬

CHUNG, Shih-Wen & PENG, Ching-I

Eupatorium cannabinum subsp. asiaticum

Credit: HAST

Annual or perennial herbs. Leaves opposite or verticillate, entire or 3-lobed. Heads in corymbs or panicles. Involucral bracts subimbricate, usually persistent. Florets white, purple, lavender, or pink, funnel-shaped or differentiated into tube and limb, glandular. Style base puberulous, sometimes enlarged; style branch appendages sometimes broadened distally, papillose. Achenes glandular. Pappus of many scabrid bristles.

About 48 species in eastern North America, the West Indies and southern and eastern Asia; in Taiwan, eight species, one of which is represented by two varieties.


1 Heads 9-15-flowered; leaves ovate-lanceolate.   Eupatorium amabile
+ Heads 5(-8)-flowered; leaves various.   (2)
       
2 (1) Heads 5-8-flowered, leaves nearly glabrous; plant littoral.   (3)
+ Heads 5-flowered, leaves more or less short pubescent.   (4)
       
3 (2) Leaves ovate to broadly ovate, apex obtuse to acute, base rounded to cordate.   Eupatorium hualienense
+ Leaves ovate-lanceolate or ovate-oblong, apex long acuminate, base obtuse.   Eupatorium kiirunense
       
4 (2) Lower surface of leaves not glandular punctate (at 10×magnification).   (5)
+ Lower surface of leaves glandular punctate (at 10×magnification).   (6)
       
5 (4) Leaves ovate, 5-9 cm long, margins serrate, base obtuse.   var. clematideum
+ Leaves triangular-ovate, 3-3.5 cm long, margins dentate, base truncate.   var. gracillimum
       
6 (4) Leaves 3-parted or cleft.   subsp. asiaticum
+ Leaves simple.   (7)
       
7 (6) Leaves pinnately veined, 9-15 cm long.   var. tozanense
+ Leaves trinerved, 3-8 cm long.   (8)
       
8 (7) Leaves linear-lanceolate   Eupatorium shimadai
+ Leaves ovate, ovate-oblong.    

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


 

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