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Pakistan | Family List | Brassicaceae

Farsetia Turra, Diss. Farsetia. 1, t. 1. 1765. Boiss., l.c. 157; Hook.f., l.c.140; Schulz in Engl.& Prantl, l.c. 486; Busch in Kom., l.c. 332; Burtt & Lewis in Kew Bul1.495.1949; ,Jafri in Notes Roy. Bot.Gard. Edin., 22:209-216.1957; Rech.f., l.c. l35.

Farsetia heliophila

Credit: Shaukat & Azmat

Undershrubs or perennial, rarely annual herbs, often with woody bases and shrubby in appearance, much branched, erect or spreading, hoary with bipartite appressed white hairs. Leaves linear oblong, sessile. Racemes lax, ebracteate, elongated in fruit. Flowers small or large, pale yellow, mauve, orange or whitish, shortly pedicelled. Sepals erect, obtuse, not saccate, hoary. Petals slightly longer to about twice as long as the sepals, oblong-linear, clawed, apex rounded; margin often crimped, and limb coiled inwards. Stamens 6; filaments linear; anthers oblong-linear. Lateral nectar glands horseshoe shaped, open towards the inner side; middle absent. Ovary, oblong, 10-40-ovuled, hairy; style distinct. Siliquae oblong, compressed, narrow to broad (rarely suborbicular) canescent with bipartite appressed hairs, bilocular, dehiscent; gynophore obscure to very short but distinct; valves with distinct mid-vein; septum membranous, with a distinct mid-vein and obscure reticulate venation; seeds uniseriate to biseriate, orbicular, wing¬ed, compressed; radicle accumbent.

About 10 species in S.W.Asia, C. and N.Africa, India and Pakistan; 4 species recorded for our area.

Fruits often variable but the flower size, especially the size of sepals and petals, is reliable; the style character also seems to be constant. The shrubby habit may sometimes deceive, specially in an year old plant, which look like annual.

1 Flowers small; petals slightly exceeding The sepals; sepals usually less than 5 mm (3-4 mm) long; style, c.2 mm long   (2)
+ Flowers large; petals much exceeding the sepals; sepals usually more than 5 mm (6-9 mm) long; style slightly thickened, 1-1.5 mm long   (3)
2 (1) Annual herbs, often with spreading branches and narrow, slender tap roots. Fruits usually 10-15 mm long, 4-5 mm broad   Farsetia ramosissima
+ Small shrubs or perennial herbs with thick root. Siliquae usually 20-25 mm long, 2.5-3 mm broad   Farsetia hamiltonii
3 (1) Shrubby without woody base; branches rigid; siliquae less than 3 mm broad; seeds uniseriate   Farsetia heliophila
+ Shrubby with woody base; branches somewhat herbaceous; siliquae usually more than 3 mm broad; seeds ± biseriate or sub-biseriate   Farsetia jacquemontii

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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