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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae

Sophora Linn., Sp.Pl. 373. 1753. Gen. Pl.ed.5.175.1754; Baker in Hook.f., Fl. Brit, Ind.1:248.1878; Parker, For.Fl.Punj. 3rd.ed.168.1956; Hutchinson, Gen. Fl. Pl. 1: 328.1964.

Perennial herbs, shrubs or trees. Leaves imparipinnate; stipules minute or absent. Inflorescence a many flowered terminal racemes or panicle. Bracts linear, minute or absent. Calyx campanulate, teeth five, unequal, shortly triangular. Corolla cream or yellow, vexillum somewhat longer than the wings and keel. Stamens free or connate at the base. Ovary shortly stipitate, ovules many, style incurved, stigma terminal. Fruit a moniliform lomentum.

A genus of about 80 species, distributed in warm temperate regions of both hemispheres; represented in Pakistan by 6 species including the 3 cultivated ones.

1 Keel mucronate   (2)
+ Keel not mucronate   (3)
2 (1) Branches and leaves sparingly pilose   Sophora alopecuroides var. alopecuroides
+ Branches and leaves densely pilose   Sophora alopecuroides var. tomentosa
3 (1) Lateral branches and leaves ending in spines   Sophora moorcroftiana
+ Lateral branches and leaves not ending in spines   (4)
4 (3) Young branches and leaflets not silky, glabrous or sparingly pilose   (5)
+ Young branches and leaflets silky   Sophora mollis subsp. griffithii
5 (4) Fruit winged   Sophora mollis ssp. mollis
+ Fruit without wing   (6)
6 (5) Leaflets coriaceous, leathery   Sophora secundiflora
+ Leaflets not coriaceous or leathery   (7)
7 (6) Leaflets ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acute   Sophora japonica
+ Leaflets elliptical, obovate, truncate-obtuse   (8)
8 (7) Leaflets c. 1.6 cm long, c. 9 mm broad   Sophora mollis subsp. duthiei
+ Leaflets c. 2.5-3.7 cm long, c. 1.5 cm broad   Sophora occidentalis

  • List of lower taxa


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