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Pakistan | Family List | Brassicaceae


Lateral nectar glands cubical or subprismatic, apex truncate, sometimes sub-bilobed or orbicular; middle glands often long, subglobose or stalk-like, rarely abortive. Hairs simple or absent. Stamen filaments very rarely appendaged (Crambe). Stigma capitate or bilobed, rarely with long decurrent lobes. Fruit generally a siliqua, usually with a distinct closed beak containing one or more seeds, usually ± bi-articulated with upper and lower parts dissimilar, indehiscent or dehiscent, very variable; cotyledons generally longitudinally folded (conduplicate) or bent round the incumbent or accumbent radicle.

It is represented by 15 genera and 27 species in our area.

1 Fruits distinctly biarticulated, usually indehiscent   (2)
+ Fruits obscurely or not biarticulated, ± beaked, usually dehiscent   (8)
2 (1) Only upper part of the fruit seed bearing   (3)
+ Both upper and lower part of the fruit seed bearing   (6)
3 (2) Upper part of the fruit unilocular, 1-seeded   Crambe
+ Upper part of the fruit bilocular, 2-many seeded   (4)
4 (3) Fruit (upper part) elongated, siliqua-like, usually breaking into 1-seeds segments, 2-many seeded; seeds 1-seriate   Raphanus
+ Fruit (upper part) broad, silicula-like, 2-4 seeded; seeds 2-seriate   (5)
5 (4) Upper part of fruit globose, not winged   Physorrhynchus
+ Upper part of fruit flattened, broadly winged   Fortuynia
6 (2) Upper and lower parts of the fruit ± equal; the lower part opening by 2 valves   Erucaria
+ Upper part of the fruit longer than the lower; none opening by valves   (7)
7 (6) Upper part of the fruit almost spherical with a short beak, 1-seeded   Rapistrum
+ Upper part of the fruit elongated, torulose, many seeded   Enarthrocarpus
8 (1) Fruit a silicula; seeds broadly winged   Savignya
+ Fruit a siliqua; seeds obscurely or not winged   (9)
9 (8) Seeds bi-seriate in fruit   (10)
+ Seeds uni-seriate in fruit (rarely sub-biseriate in Moricandia)   (11)
10 (9) Siliquae tetragonal; beak prominent, flat and sabre shaped   Eruca
+ Siliquae compressed; beak obscure, slender   Diplotaxis
11 (9) Siliquae subcylindrical; beak distinct, often elongated, 0-3-seeded   (12)
+ Siliquae compressed-tetragonal; beak short, obscure (style-like), sterile   (13)
12 (11) Valve with a mid vein only   Brassica
+ Valve with 3-7 parallel veins   Sinapis
13 (11) Stigma large, conical, bilobed with decurrent lobes   Douepia
+ Stigma short, capitate or sub-bilobed   (14)
14 (13) Annuals or biennials; ovary 12-30(-50)ovuled   Conringia
+ Perennials; ovary (50-) 100-200 ovuled   Moricandia

  • List of lower taxa


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