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Russian Ornamental | Family List | Campanulaceae

Campanula Linn.




Credit: Tatyana Shulkina

Nearly 300 species confined to the Northern Hemisphere. Of 150 species of Campanula mentioned in the Flora of the USSR, 86 are endemic to the FSU. These endemic taxa are mainly concentrated in the Caucasus, especially in western locations. They also range across the mountains of Central Asia, Siberia, the Far East and the European part of Russia. Campanula plants can be found in diverse habitats: woods, meadows, among rocks frequently in the alpine and subalpine zones and occasionally in steppes and semi-deserts. All but two species are perennials, and the annuals are C. erinus L. and C. propinqua Fisch. et C. A. Mey. Some Campanula are monocarpic (C. mirabilis Albov) or biennials (C. crispa Lam., C. lyrata Lam.). They vary greatly in habit. In height they range from small alpine plants to tall subalpine plants of about 2 m. Inflorescences may be thyrsoid, racemose or capitate; some species have solitary flowers. Bellflowers are very useful in gardens of various styles, including both well-known plants and new ones. Many species are well suited to rock gardens.

Lower Taxa


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